Pontus Braunerhjelm and co-authors have contributed with the paper “Academic Entrepreneurship: The Bayh-Dole Act versus the Professorâ€™s Privilege” in the recently published special issue of the ILR Review on Entrepreneurship and Employment.Â The papers in the issue provide novel findings on labor market institutions, the ecosystem of existing employers, and the human resource management practices that provide the strategic context for entrepreneurs and shape the career opportunities for workers.Â
Title: Academic Entrepreneurship: The Bayh-Dole Act versus the Professorâ€™s Privilege
Authors: Thomas Ă…stebro, Serguey Braguinsky, Pontus Braunerhjelm, and Anders BrostrĂ¶m
Abstract: Is the Bayh-Dole intellectual property regime associated with more and better academic entrepreneurship than the Professorâ€™s Privilege regime? The authors examine data on US PhDs in the natural sciences, engineering, and medical fields who became entrepreneurs in 1993â€“2006 and compare this to similar data from Sweden. They find that, in both countries, those with an academic background have lower rates of entry into entrepreneurship than do those with a non-academic background. The relative rate of academics starting entrepreneurial firms is slightly lower in the United States than in Sweden. Moreover, the mean economic gains from becoming an entrepreneur are negative, both for PhDs originating in academia and for non-academic settings in both countries. Analysis indicates that selection into entrepreneurship occurs from the lower part of the ability distribution among academics. The results suggest that policies supporting entrepreneurial decisions by younger, tenure-track academics may be more effective than are general incentives to increase academic entrepreneurship.